Displaying items by tag: infrastructure
The French government has announced that it will be instructing operators to allow them more oversight and control in relation to the rollout of 5G networks due to increased security concerns.
The decision by the French government comes on the back of speculation that a number of Western nations are considering banning Chinese telecommunications vendor Huawei from bidding on contracts for 5G deployment, amidst fears that Beijing would be able to gain access to sensitive communications and infrastructure.
Huawei should be the go-to vendor for operators globally, as it is well-ahead of its European rivals Nokia and Ericsson in relation to 5G equipment. However, Washington are lobbying its allies to prevent the Chinese telecommunications behemoth from being involved in their 5G networks as US intelligence agencies have deemed them a serious threat to domestic security.
Guillaume Poupard, head of France's national cybersecurity agency ANSSI, said a new law could be drafted in the forthcoming number of months in an effort to ‘toughen and extend’ authorization requirements in order to be sure we control the entire 5G network.
However, he insisted that approvals would not be refused "because of a company's image, or its country of origin".
Poupard told AFP, "There aren't good equipment makers on the one hand and bad equipment makers on the other -- unfortunately the situation is much more complex. The need for oversight is all the more critical since the base stations and other infrastructure for ultrafast 5G networks are much less centralized than current 4G systems.”
Huawei’s chairman Liang Hua told reporters at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, that it would pull out of partnerships in hostile countries.
Liang said, “We do not pose a threat to a future digital society. The United States has not yet put forward any evidence to justify its claim that Huawei’s equipment could serve as a Trojan horse for Beijing's security apparatus.”
PCCW Global, the international operating division of HKT, Hong Kong’s premier telecommunications service provider, and data center and cloud specialist TierPoint announced a collaboration to offer US-based enterprises the world’s first global software-defined interconnection platform using TierPoint’s infrastructure, with access to PCCW Global’s Console Connect.
As enterprises migrate critical applications and content to the cloud, they are discovering that the public internet was not designed or built with business connectivity in mind, especially when it comes to reliable performance, predictability and security. PCCW Global’s Console Connect answers these business challenges by delivering an affordable platform that makes connections to cloud-based applications, partners and client IT infrastructure simple, easily managed, predictable and secure, with seamless access to the world’s major cloud hosting services, including Microsoft Azure, Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud, IBM, Alibaba Cloud, Tencent Cloud and Yunify.
Console Connect will initially be available at TierPoint facilities in Andover, MA, Bethlehem, PA, and Durham, NC, enabling enhanced performance, visibility, monitoring and security. TierPoint’s data center tenants will also gain additional benefit from having access to the digital innovation capabilities delivered via fast and secure direct connectivity provided by PCCW Global’s Tier 1 IP network, which spans more than 150 countries worldwide.
TierPoint’s customers will have an opportunity to easily provision on-demand direct access to their business-critical applications. Console Connect is also able to connect all points in a network with simple-to-use automation software that eliminates the complexity of network configuration while simultaneously reducing cost. Furthermore, the platform brings enterprises and cloud providers from around the world together by building a networking community, created by network engineers for network engineers, with the goal of improving communication and collaboration toward delivering improved data services.
Marc Halbfinger, Chief Executive Officer, PCCW Global, said, “The various Console Connect points of presence in TierPoint’s data centers will deliver simple and dynamic access to applications by pairing network and cloud more easily.”
Chief Revenue Officer at TierPoint, Tony Rossabi, commented, “A growing number of companies are seeking more reliable and secure alternatives to the public Internet for cloud connectivity. This new collaboration with PCCW Global helps address that need, further expanding the options available to clients in our leading, edge-capable facilities.”
A top German IT watchdog has refuted claims that Huawei could be using their equipment to spy for Beijing.
Head of Germany's Federal Office for Information Security (BSI), Arne Schoenbohm has spoken skeptically of the boycott, after the agency examined Huawei equipment and was unable to uncover any ‘reliable findings’ to support espionage claims.
BSI experts - who oversee computer and communications security for Germany -believe the lack of evidence is not enough to warrant a global ban.
"For such serious decisions like a ban, you need proof," Schoenbohm pointed out.
Chinese phone giant Huawei has faced international scrutiny over the past year, with Western countries growing increasingly wary of the Chinese phone maker’s involvement in telecommunication infrastructure. Pressure from the United States secret service to boycott Huawei equipment has led to a number of countries, including Japan and Australia, to exclude the phone giant in their rollout of 5G networks.
New Zealand’s largest carrier Spark had had plans to use the Huawei’s 5G equipment for their launch in July 2020, but was denied by the Government Communications Security Bureau (GCSB).
His comments follow the announcement that rival Chinese phone maker ZTE will cease to maintain mobile operator O2’s network in Germany – a subsidiary of Spain’s Telefonica – as of next year, amidst security fears.
BSI experts insist Huawei has nothing to hide, after the agency visited Huawei labs in Bonn, set up so customers can inspect products, including the source code of software.
Huawei models remain the most popular in Germany, with three of their main networks using the Chinese equipment.
Oscilloquartz, an ADVA Optical Networking company, announced today that T-Mobile Netherlands has deployed and fully implemented its OSA 5420 Series, enabling the nationwide rollout of TD-LTE services.
The upgrade empowers T-Mobile Netherlands to meet skyrocketing levels of data demand and also equip its synchronization network in readiness for LTE Advanced Pro, eLTE and 5G.
The OSA 5420 Series grandmaster clocks provide the sub-microsecond accuracy required for next-generation mobile applications as well as an unprecedented level of robustness and scalability. The new solution, which also delivers assisted partial timing support functionality, enables T-Mobile Netherlands to smoothly transition from legacy synchronization technologies.
"Deploying Oscilloquartz's complete sync solution is key to evolving our network. Their unique technology enables us to seamlessly enhance our existing infrastructure and gives us the phenomenally precise frequency and phase synchronization we need as we roll out LTE-TDD, LTE-A and eventually 5G mobile services," said Muzaffer Erdem, transport network solution engineer, T-Mobile Netherlands. "With our customers increasingly demanding advanced voice, video and data applications, high-quality timing in the packet backhaul network becomes paramount.
Leveraging the OSA 5420 Series is the ideal response. It's a highly scalable solution that effectively removes the need for upgrade cycles. It also easily integrated with our existing equipment and proved simple to install. What's more, at every stage in the process, we've been hugely impressed with the excellent support we've received from the Oscilloquartz team."
In order to meet mobile backhaul requirements both now and in the future, T-Mobile Netherlands has deployed the OSA 5420 Series in its core network and at metro aggregation points. By harnessing the latest IEEE 1588v2 Precision Time Protocol (PTP) technology, the solution enables accurate phase synchronization throughout the national infrastructure. This makes emerging technologies possible such as coordinated multipoint transmission for enhanced data availability. Despite its small footprint, the OSA 5420 Series also delivers the highest level of holdover performance available on the market, giving T-Mobile Netherlands the ultimate protection from GNSS outages. For even greater levels of availability and resiliency, the OSA 5420 Series comprehensively supports all major GNSS constellations.
"T-Mobile Netherlands is one of the leading mobile operators in the country, committed to providing the best available services for its customers. Harnessing our synchronization technology for unprecedented levels of precision and reliability enables them to meet soaring demand and offer the most advanced services," said Gil Biran, general manager, Oscilloquartz. "Optimized for edge deployment, our OSA 5420 has enabled T-Mobile Netherlands to push precise synchronization to metro locations where it's most crucial. What's more, our solution supports both legacy interfaces and the latest PTP innovation for a unified network timing architecture. That means T-Mobile Netherlands can ensure a smooth transition to LTE Advanced Pro, while also laying the foundation for 5G and future-proofing the network against further growth in data demand."
Infinera and Seaborn Networks (Seaborn) tells us they have deployed Infinera’s new XTS-3300 meshponders on Seaborn’s Seabras-1 submarine cable to rapidly offer cloud connectivity services like SeaCloud™. Seabras-1 is the only submarine cable system with a direct connection between São Paulo, Brazil and New York City, enabling Seaborn to offer SeaSpeed™, its proprietary lowest-latency route, between these key global financial centers.
Seaborn recently announced that Seabras-1 is now ready for operations. At 10,600 kilometers of subsea cable with multiple branching units, Seabras-1 is the longest uncompensated cable deployed connecting North and South America. Seabras-1 is designed to provide additional route diversity to Virginia Beach, Miami, St. Croix, Fortaleza, Rio de Janeiro, southern Brazil and Cape Town. Seaborn selected the XTS-3300 to deliver the industry’s highest subsea spectral efficiency and lowest power consumption available in a commercially deployed, compact, easy-to-use platform.
While many subsea cables can take days to activate capacity, the Seaborn team was able to configure the XTS-3300 and light the fiber in an impressive 30 minutes. Infinera’s unique large-scale photonic integration technology delivers terabit super-channels and, along with the Advanced Coherent Toolkit (ACT), enables rapid activation of subsea links. With Infinera Instant Bandwidth, the industry’s first software defined capacity (SDC) solution, Seaborn can deploy bandwidth in 100 gigabits per second increments within minutes and a few clicks of a mouse, while the XTS-3300 platform enables scalability up to 11.8 terabits per second on a fiber. The XTS-3300 seamlessly integrates with Seaborn’s existing Infinera terrestrial backhaul networks in Brazil and New York, which include Infinera’s XTC and XTM Series.
The XTS-3300 provides Seaborn with a subsea platform that integrates the groundbreaking performance of the Infinera Infinite Capacity Engine 4 (ICE4), which features unique performance-enhancing technologies such as Nyquist subcarriers and SD-FEC gain sharing. The deployment of the XTS-3300 on Seabras-1 significantly exceeded Seaborn’s capacity-reach performance targets, helping increase the return on Seaborn’s deployed subsea cable asset. The XTS-3300 is a highly efficient rack-and-stack solution with the lowest power consumption in a commercially deployed platform.
“In our quest to meet unprecedented bandwidth demand from our customers, we rely on solutions that are easy to operate, highly reliable and provide cloud scale capacity in a small form factor,” said Larry W. Schwartz, Chairman & CEO, Seaborn Networks. “The Infinera XTS3300 meshponder significantly exceeded our expectations, allowing us to provision services within minutes between our Infinera metro networks in Brazil and New York. This, combined with Instant Bandwidth, enables us to rapidly respond to our customers’ hyperscale requirements and offer cloud scale service on demand.”
“We are honored to partner with Seaborn to light the Seabras-1 cable,” said Tom Fallon, Infinera Chief Executive Officer. “Infinera continues to push the physics of the optical transport world for the benefit of our customers and the networks they run. The XTS-3300 is purpose-built for subsea applications, delivering industry leading subsea performance while integrating seamlessly into Seaborn’s existing terrestrial and subsea network.”
Chinese telecommunications colossus ZTE has attributed its first-half net profit success to its investment in 4G infrastructure and handsets. The world’s fourth-largest vendor of smartphones has hit its projected first-half net profit target forecast of 30%.
Analysts said that domestic telephone network providers continued to invest in 4G infrastructure provided by ZTE, and the firm also enjoyed a significant growth in the sales of its mobile devices. ZTE’s profit was $344M, whilst revenue rose by 13% which incidentally was also ZTE’s projected target.
In a statement released to the press, ZTE acknowledged that the organization has been presented with many new opportunities and expressed its vision to deploy 5G products and services. 5G standardization is expected to be established in 2018.
The statement read, “Looking to the second half of 2017, the company faces new opportunities," ZTE said in a statement in Chinese. "4G users and traffic will enter a peak period and pre-5G products will have more application, while 5G's standardization, technology and testing will experience a breakthrough."
ZTE reported more growth in relation to its telecom equipment sector, disclosing that revenue in that business grew by 13%. Its telecoms sector focus primarily on constructing infrastructure such as communications towers and accounts for 60% of overall revenue. ZTE’s remarkable financial results were cemented with the fact that its consumer business had also increased by a whopping 24%.
In March of this year, ZTE was left reeling after it was found guilty by the US Commerce Department for breaching US trade rules. It was fined almost $900M for breaking exports regulations. It’s the only smartphone vendor with a real presence in the US, and it has recovered well since that setback earlier this year, remaining the fourth-biggest vendor in the US after Apple, Samsung and LG.
ZTE executives have insisted they will continue to aggressively invest in wireless and 5G technology, whilst also revealing it aims to invest more in international marketing in the second-half of 2017. Revenue from ZTE’s smallest business area which is government and enterprise services has declined by 18%.
In addition to this, ZTE confirmed that it has agreed to sell 10.1% of its smartphone subsidiary Nubia for 727 million Yuan. That will reduce its equity in the company to 49.9%.
Finnish telecommunications firm Nokia has announced that it has launched its 5G Mobile Network Architecture - which is a research project consisting of 14 major partners, that includes Huawei, Telecom Italia and Samsung.
The innovative research initiative will last for a period of two years and will have a budget of €7.7M. The program aims to focus on using network slicing to accelerate pre-standard 5G use cases in a range of areas such as media, automotive and healthcare. In a statement released by Nokia, the telecommunication colossus said it planned on bringing the 5G mobile network architecture from concept to the real world.
The statement read, "As 5G networks need to simultaneously support various services with different requirements, network slicing will be a crucial aspect of the network architecture, providing flexible and adaptive networks which fulfill the 5G requirements.
The consortium of partners involved in the project will involve mobile network players from the UK, Germany, France, Spain, Italy and Greece. The collaboration will be crucial in order to utilize technical know-how required to turn the project's vision into reality and will include two real-world test bed implementations.
The formation of this project is the second-phase of the EU-backed 5G Infrastructure Public Private Partnership (5G-PPP). The EC first publicly disclosed the initiative back in December 2013, in which it announced that it planned to invest €700M through its Horizon 2020 program.
Head of end-to-end mobile networks solutions at Nokia Bell Labs, Peter Merz, declared that Nokia was fully committed to the EU-backed infrastructure initiative. Merz said, "Nokia is fully committed to the 5G-PPP: we have delivered know-how and innovative technologies since its launch in 2015 in order to strengthen the European 5G footprint."
In addition to this latest announcement from Nokia, the Finnish telco last month indicated its ambition to broaden its focus on early 5G mobility use cases, which was done in response to growing interest in technology from operators in the US, China, Japan and South Korea ahead of expectations of global deployment in 2019.
South Korean multinational conglomerate Samsung and Chinese vendor ZTE have both adopted aggressive strategies in relation to investment for 5G infrastructure – and many analysts are predicting that this approach will both disrupt and threaten the traditional trio of networks players which include Nokia, Ericsson and Huawei.
ZTE has focused largely on the development of 5G specifications in the last twelve months, which is much more than any of it previous forays in relation to mobile technology. The Chinese telecommunications equipment and systems colossus has doubled its R&D spending on 5G in 2016 to $400m – and has assigned 1,600 employees to work on the technology at four dedicated research facilities located in China, the US and Europe.
Director of Wireless Standardization, Wang Xinhui has claimed that ZTE’s inactivity with 2G, 3G and 4G was down to the fact that it lacked maturity, and declared it was now much better equipped for the forthcoming era of 5G. At a 5G Summit in Tokyo in May, he told Mobile World Live: “In the past we were simply less mature. With 2G and 3G, and even with 4G, we weren’t that big. But in the era of 5G, we were well prepared. We’ve spent a huge amount of money and devoted so much human resources, particularly towards the New Radio specifications.”
Chief analyst at Global Data Technology, Peter Jarich said it made perfect sense for an entity like ZTE to attempt to penetrate the 5G market, as the technology will require new expertise and infrastructure. He feels it’s a natural and logical progression from ZTE to invest heavily in 5G, as they recognize it as a phenomenal opportunity.
South Korean smartphone giants Samsung have also adopted a similar approach, and have been working on 5G since 2012, when it started its first mmWave research and development. It has previously stated that it firmly believes that strong 5G infrastructure will help ensure Samsung executes its mission which is to ‘connect everything’.
Samsung has boldly set its sights on becoming a top-three player in the 5G infrastructure market, and it has estimated that network equipment sales will treble to $8.6 billion in 2022. It has been disclosed that Samsung, which is the world’s largest smartphone maker plans to accumulate market share by moving swiftly and targeting the US market.
The reason behind its strategic targeting of the US market is that its Asian competitors such as Huawei and ZTE may face a ban on selling networking gear due to security concerns which have been raised by the government. In May, Samsung publicly announced that it had conducted the world’s first field trial of a multi-vendor, pre-standard 5G network with US telecommunications firm Verizon. In addition to this, more recently Samsung and UK communications firm Arqiva announced it had conducted the first field trial of 5G Fixed Wireless Access Technology in Europe that went live in Central London.
VP of next-generation business and products at Samsung Networks, Woojune Kim, has expressed his confidence they can become a top tier network player in 5G, citing the fact that its Finnish and Swedish competitors are currently struggling. This stark assessment of its rivals was evidenced by the CEO of Nokia, Rajeev Suri conceded that the fact 5G was accelerating much faster than originally expected, would almost inevitable create some near term risks for his company, with the timing and completion of certain projects now uncertain.
Italian operator Telecom Italia has announced that the Republic of San Marino will become the first country in Europe to have a 5G mobile network. Telecom Italia made the prediction following the disclosure of a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with government officials from San Marino.
In a statement issued to the press, Telecom Italia indicated that it plans to update mobile sites of its network with 4.5G in order to enable it to conduct trials on some features of 5G technology, such as evolved mast towers and carrier integration. The interim 3GPP standards for the revolutionary next-generation technology will be released in March 2018.
The Italian operator which is headquartered in Rome also disclosed its intentions to double the amount of existing mobile sites in San Marino, it also plans to install several dozen small cells in the innovative project which would make the microstate the first in Europe to have a 5G mobile network.
In a joint-statement in relation to the MOU between Telecom Italia and government representatives of San Marino, it said, “The particular geographical shape of this territory - and the distribution of its industries favor the use and development of innovative technologies. Thanks to this work, it will be possible to start the first testing of 5G technology on a national scale within the next year.”
San Marino is one of smallest countries in the world with a population of around 30,000 people. Some of the objectives of the project include a new mobile infrastructure with considerable transmission capacity that would be ten times that of 4G. The infrastructure would also be able to connect to large objects ahead of the 2020 deadline set by the EU.
According to Telecom Italia Mobile’s head of technology the scale of the project would see San Marino being established as the first 5G state in the world, which would place it ahead of technological superpowers such as South Korea and Japan. The race to deploy 5G continues to intensify between government bodies and operators.
Reports emerging from Italy suggest that the leading Italian operator has already begun installing 100 small cells in Turin as part of 5G network trials being led by the Italian government. However, it’s being suggested that it has more freedom to experiment in San Marino because there are fewer restrictions on the use of airwaves.
Earlier this month, a consortium of European operators including Telecom Italia expressed its desire to launch 5G services quickly. Industry analysts have predicted that the work currently underway in San Marino will be crucial to 5G in Europe.
ZTE Corporation, a major international provider of telecommunications, enterprise and consumer technology solutions for the Mobile Internet, announced the company successfully completed tests in seven major scenarios that are part of the second phase of China’s National 5G tests, setting multiple new records for network speeds and performance.
Phase 2 of China’s National 5G tests, organized by IMT-2020 (5G) Promotion Group, were conducted in Huairou in Beijing. ZTE completed tests for continuous wide coverage, eMBB (enhanced mobile broadband) at sub-6Ghz, eMBB at millimeter-wave frequencies, uRLLC (ultra-Reliable and Low Latency Communications), eMTC (massive Machine Type Communications), in addition to two hybrid scenarios, achieving multiple breakthroughs:
- eMBB@Sub6GHz Test: New Record for the Peak Value, with Cell Throughput Exceeding 19 Gbps
In the eMBB@Sub6GHz test scenario, ZTE provided 28 streams for multiple users by using the 3.5 GHz pre-commercial base station, with a peak cell throughput higher than 19 Gbps, a new industry record. This data rate is higher than the ITU-defined value (10 Gbps). ZTE’s solution overcomes the limitations of standard interfaces, and provides more spatial division streams than the standard and common value (16 streams) in the industry. This technology is especially suitable for China's densely-populated urban areas, highlighting ZTE’s technology leadership in 5G eMBB scenarios.
- Industry-first eMBB@mmWave Test: Single-User Rate Exceeding 13 Gbps
ZTE was the first to use the 26GHz base station in the high-frequency eMBB test scenario, and achieved a 4-stream rate of 13 Gbps even when a single test terminal supported a bandwidth of less than 1 GHz. This rate is higher than that defined by ITU (10 Gbps), and is a major step forward in the development and commercialization of high-frequency mobile communications.
- mMTC Scenario: Massive Capacity of 90 Million Connections/MHz/hour/km2
In the mMTC test scenario, ZTE increased the overload rate of connected terminals by 600 percent by using the innovative MUSA (multi-user shared access) technology, and verified an equivalent massive IoT access performance of 90 million connections/MHz/hour/km2, which is 90 times the value (1 million connections/square kilometers) currently defined by ITU. mMTC is one of the three key scenarios defined in 3GPP standards. ZTE plays a leading role in the NOMA (non-orthogonal multiple access) Working Group, serving to accelerate industry standardization of 5G globally.
- uRLLC Scenario: Ultra-Low Latency of 0.416 ms
In the uRLLC test scenario, ZTE achieved an ultra-low latency of 0.416 ms based on a unified test platform, lower than the ITU-defined 1 ms. The system is based on ZTE's self-developed chipsets, which is self-adaptable in eMBB and uRLLC scenarios. The results show ZTE’s leadership in the implementation of key 5G uRLLC technologies and prototypes, which is a key step for 5G commercialization in the future.
- Network Slicing: Unified Solution to Three Scenarios
In the hybrid test scenarios, ZTE created a unified network supporting the air interfaces in eMBB, mMTC, and uRLLC scenarios through network slicing and base stations at sub-6GHz. This achieved flexible configuration of services, allowing a cell to connect a variety of service terminals. Test results showed that the single-cell peak rate reached 15 Gbps, while the air interface latency was lower than 0.416 ms, and the massive connectivity capacity was more than 90 million connections/MHz/hour/km2 at the same time. These three scenarios represent industry breakthroughs in the development for network air interfaces. Through the application of network slicing technology, ZTE simplified the complex network deployment and management, by providing unified air interfaces, bringing flexible and extensive user experience on the future 5G networks.
During the second phase of China’s National 5G tests, ZTE completed verification of its pre-commercial 5G products at sub-6GHz, millimeter wave as well as VCNs, and launched the laboratory and field tests smoothly when interconnecting with the instruments and chips from other manufacturers in the industry. The test results showed that ZTE's products can meet the key performance requirements in seven typical application scenarios, including higher spectral efficiency, greater connection density, higher reliability, and lower latency of air interfaces. ZTE is committed to driving the commercialization of 5G products, laying a solid foundation for commercial 5G deployment in China by 2020.