Displaying items by tag: Indonesia
Russian messaging service Telegram has declared it will block terrorist-related channels after Indonesia’s government threatened to completely block the service expressing concerns that the app had become a breeding ground for terrorist content sharing.
Telegram’s web version was blocked by the Ministry of Communication and IT on July 14. The Ministry threatened to completely block access to Telegram’s app as well if it didn’t do more to combat terror groups. The app has been used to promote radicalism, Jakarta claimed, and used for giving instructions for carrying out attacks, due to messages being encrypted.
Indonesia’s concern comes amid increasing influence of so-called Islamic State in Southeast Asia. The island nation experienced a string of attacks this year by the terror group, as has the Philippines which has fought battles against IS at Marawi, on the island of Mindanao.
The founder of Telegram, Russian national Pavel Durov, said he was “upset” by situation, and told his Telegram followers his firm had now removed all terrorist-related public channels reported by the Indonesian government. He said the firm is forming a team of moderators with knowledge of Indonesian language and culture to stamp out all terrorist-related channels faster.
“Telegram is heavily encrypted and privacy-oriented, but we’re no friends of terrorists,” said Mr. Durov, “in fact, every month we block thousands of ISIS-related public channels.”
Telegram has garnered a reputation for playing a central role in Islamic State’s communication strategy, particularly because of a channel feature that allows users to broadcast to an unlimited number of users. Telegram is active in shutting down these channels, but IS operatives often create replica channels, which repeat or mirror the same content.
Axiata Group Berhad (“Axiata”) through its wholly owned subsidiary, Axiata Business Services Sdn Bhd (“Axiata Business Services’) announced it has signed a four-year, multi-transponder contract for leased capacity and teleport services with IPSTAR International Pte Limited (“IPSTAR”), a subsidiary of Thaicom Public Company Limited (“Thaicom”).
The partners inked the deal for Axiata Business Services to purchase the remaining capacity on IPSTAR over Indonesia to deliver Axiata’s operating company, PT XL Axiata Tbk (“XL”), over 1 Gbps High Throughput Satellite (HTS) capacity for the provision of broadband services in Indonesia.
According to the terms of the agreement, Axiata Business Services will use capacity of up to seven KU-band shaped and spot beams on the IPSTAR-1 broadband satellite located at 119.5° east for the provision of broadband services in Indonesia, including broadband access direct to residential and enterprise premises, and cellular network backhaul.
“We are leveraging on Thaicom’s capabilities in Asia to grow our enterprise business quickly and flexibly while providing reliable broadband services to all potential customers regardless of location,” said Asri Hassan Sabri, Group Chief Business Operations Officer of Axiata.
“Where terrestrial-based connectivity is limited or unavailable, HTS connectivity serves as an enabler to unlock the digital ecosystem for new market opportunities. As the world’s first ever HTS, launched in 2005, Thaicom’s IPSTAR helps us to connect users in remote and underserved areas of Indonesia cost-effectively. We are confident that the partnership will enable us to continue to grow our business faster without infrastructure limitations.”
"As the biggest archipelago in the world, there are many areas and islands in Indonesia that have not been served by internet services as yet,“ said Dian Siswarini, Chief Executive Officer of XL. “We believe the availability of HTS will help us to cover these unserved areas with considerable economic potential. On top of that, it will enable us to support the local community’s economic growth and Indonesian government’s vision to accelerate the national development of digital economy across Indonesia."
“This HTS partnership is highly strategic for Axiata and the beginning of what we believe can become a core future broadband delivery platform for our operating companies to deliver broadband connectivity, media & entertainment, IoT and other digital services to enterprise and consumer home segment,“ said Dominic P Arena, Group Chief Strategy Officer of Axiata. “More importantly, this partnership allows us to provide the best connectivity option and reach to underserved communities, in line with Axiata’s broader goal of advancing Asia by piecing together the best in innovation, connectivity and talent. ”
The IPSTAR-1 satellite was launched in 2005 and was the first HTS ever launched into orbit. IPSTAR cellular backhaul and direct to premise broadband connectivity provides telecom operators with the ability to expand their networks, launch new broadband services and reach underserved areas quickly and cost-effectively.
Telkomsel recently announced Indonesia’s first FDD Massive MIMO demonstration in collaboration with Huawei. The demonstration achieved five times capacity of traditional FDD LTE 2x2 MIMO. As Massive MIMO is one of the key technologies of 5G, this successful demonstration realizes 5G-like experience in 4.5G network, and also marks 4.5G evolution, the beginning of 5G journey for Telkomsel 2017.
With scarce spectrum availability and challenging site acquisitions, solutions addressing capacity and efficiency of spectrum utilization are the most valuable for Telkomsel to address network congestions. Telkomsel and Huawei set up a joint innovation center, for the research of large-capacity and evolution solution to 5G. Massive MIMO and other new technologies are proposed to enhance network capacity.
“Telkomsel has always aimed to bring the best MBB experience to Indonesian users by leveraging on cutting edge technologies. Multi-antenna technology fully meets our requirements for improving customer experience,” said Sukardi Silalahi, Network Director of Telkomsel.
“Massive MIMO can increase the capacity without adding sites and spectrum, thus reducing the cost per bit. I am very satisfied with the demonstration results today. As a part of roadmap and road to 5G implementation in Telkomsel, we will continue to work with our partner Huawei at the Joint Innovation Center to explore other technical breakthroughs to continue improving our user experience and building best network.”
Mr Sun Xiwei, Deputy CEO of PT. Huawei Tech. Investment, added: “We are very delighted to collaborate with Telkomsel on this FDD Massive MIMO technology demonstration. Today’s result is a great breakthrough and will bring many benefits for Indonesian mobile data users. As a leading ICT solutions provider, Huawei has always invested heavily in R&D of cutting edge technologies that enriches communications and people’s lives.
“We live in an extremely fast paced and ever changing information era, the ever increasing demand for mobile data access will create strains on the mobile network due to system capacity limitations. Massive MIMO technology will help to increase system capacity for operators like Telkomsel. Huawei has invested heavily in the development of Massive MIMO technology as a key enabler for 4.5G and 5G and will continue to lead this development.”
AARNet, Google, Indosat Ooredoo, Singtel, SubPartners, and Telstra announced they have entered into an agreement with Alcatel Submarine Networks (ASN) to build a new international subsea cable system that will connect Singapore, Indonesia and Australia.
Once completed, the INDIGO cable system (previously known as APX West & Central) will strengthen links between Australia and the fast-growing Southeast Asian markets, providing lower latency and enhanced reliability. Using today’s coherent optical technology, each of the two-fibre pairs will have a minimum capacity of 18 terabits per second, with the option to increase this capacity in the future.
The system will use a two-fibre pair ‘open cable’ design with spectrum sharing technology. Consortium members will have spectrum ownership providing the ability to independently take advantage of technology advancements and future upgrades as required.
The INDIGO cable system will span approximately 9,000km and connect Singapore and Perth, and onwards to Sydney. Within the system, there will be two additional fibre pairs connecting Singapore and Jakarta via a branching unit. The new cable will land in existing facilities in Singapore, Australia, and Indonesia.
“With internet data consumption growing by 70 percent in Asia last year alone, these sorts of investments in international networks are critical for meeting the needs of connected consumers and businesses,” said Telstra’s Group Managing Director of Global Services and International David Burns.
“This will be an important piece of technology infrastructure connecting Southeast Asia and Australia, and follows a number of recent network enhancements Telstra has undertaken to meet growing demand for data and better connectivity from our customers across the Asia Pacific region,” he said.
“This strategic alliance is a great leap forward for Australian Research and Education,” said Chris Hancock, AARNet’s CEO. “It will provide critical infrastructure for meeting the future growth in collaborative research and transnational education between Australia and our Asian partners.”
Alexander Rusli, President Director and CEO Indosat Ooredoo, said: "We are committed to provide robust digital and telecommunications access to Indonesians. INDIGO’s consortium is a strategic and crucial partnership for Indosat Ooredoo that will help provide the digital services needed by Indonesian society.”
“Together, we will enable world-class data connectivity and internet access in line with our vision as Indonesia's leading digital telco,” he added. “High-speed network infrastructure availability, both into and out of Indonesia, is important for business and personal consumers in Indonesia to be able to connect to global content. We are confident this strong partnership with the consortium will deliver a reliable alternative for ever-growing data traffic.”
Ooi Seng Keat, Vice President, Carrier Services, Group Enterprise at Singtel said: “The construction of INDIGO is timely to meet the rising demand for high-speed broadband between Asia and Australia. This cable system complements our global connectivity that links Asia, the US, Europe, Australia and the Middle East. INDIGO will be a new data superhighway that facilitates Singtel and our subsidiary Optus to catalyze the development of digital economies across the regions.”
ASN will construct the cable, which is expected to be completed by mid-2019.
Ericsson has completed the first demonstration of 5G in Indonesia, including 5G test bed, 5G New Radio (NR) and use cases such as a motion-sensing robotic arm and live 4K video streaming.
The demonstration, which took place during a three-day event to celebrate Ericsson's 110th anniversary in Indonesia, achieved a peak downlink speed of 5.74 Gbps and latency as low as 3 ms.
"The current focus of our ICT development is to accelerate broadband rollout to all regions in Indonesia as well as to create a healthy ICT ecosystem to support the growth of other industries and enable the nation's competitiveness in the global landscape,” said Bapak Rudiantara, Minister of Communications and Information Technology, Republic of Indonesia.
“Accelerating digitalization has always been high on the agenda in Indonesia. In this way, we contribute to realizing the government's NAWACITA vision to address nine key areas and so transform the country. Initiatives such as Ericsson's 5G showcase will power innovations and help transform technology infrastructure in Indonesia, bringing more opportunities to people, business and society."
Having pioneered the first four generations of mobile technologies in Indonesia, Ericsson demonstrated its commitment to deploying cutting-edge communications technologies and services locally by becoming the first company to showcase 5G in the country.
"For operators, 5G has the potential to offer 34 percent growth in revenues in 2026 compared to 2016. Meanwhile, consumers will be able to enjoy new applications like augmented reality and 4K video streaming and industries will benefit from innovative IoT applications such as smart transport and remote healthcare, creating significant opportunities,” said Thomas Jul, Head of Ericsson Indonesia.
“With 5G expected to be introduced around 2020 globally, Ericsson sees the need to support the government, telecom operators and industries in Indonesia to prepare for the launch of this next-generation technology."
Ericsson's 5G test bed includes all functionality required for pre-commercial trials and includes support for features such as beam forming and tracking, multi-user MIMO, multi-site transmission, ultra-lean design and dynamic TDD.
The low latency and high reliability of 5G, coupled with intelligence residing in the cloud, will enable enhanced human-to-machine communication. Ericsson demonstrated this in Indonesia with a motion-sensing robot arm that participants could control in real time using hand and finger motions. Such applications could be used in a myriad of tasks, including remote surgery, road accident management and scenarios in which human presence might be unsafe.
Ericsson also demonstrated the ability of 5G to support 4K video streaming. 4K content was streamed from a server to a radio base station and then relayed to 5G user equipment and displayed on a 4K TV screen. Uninterrupted playback of 4K video requires a download speed of at least 15 Mbps.
With 5G radio, a single network cell will be able to support playback of 4K video by hundreds of simultaneous users. This technology will have the potential to meet the ever-increasing demand from consumers in Indonesia, where more than 20% of smartphone users access online video daily.
Other demonstrations during the three-day event included innovations in the areas of radio system evolution, industrialized cloud, connected industries and digital business solutions.
The Federal Communication Commission has approved the landing license for the state-of-the-art Southeast Asia - U.S. (SEA-US) fiber cable system. This key milestone enables the connection between the United States and Indonesia.
"Hawaiian Telcom invested $25 million to become an owner and operator of SEA-US, the most technologically advanced trans-Pacific cable system providing the fastest direct access between the U.S. and Indonesia," said CEO Scott Barber. "With this investment, we have added needed broadband capacity, which will serve the state of Hawaii for many years to come. SEA-US will connect Hawaii to more than two billion people in the Philippines, Indonesia and Southeast Asia, as well as the mainland U.S., providing the infrastructure to launch new economic opportunities."
Barber continued: "Our investment in SEA-US, combined with our $500 million investment to lay next-generation fiber infrastructure throughout the islands, helps to ensure that Hawaii has a strong internet backbone to support economic growth.”
The SEA-US undersea fiber cable was successfully connected at the shore-end in Hermosa Beach, California where construction of the cable landing station is expected to be completed by the end of February.
The historic $250 million SEA-US cable system will extend more than 9,300 miles on a route designed to bypass congested, earthquake-prone regions (Luzon Straight) and optimize stable connectivity. It will deliver an initial 20 terabit per second (Tb/s) capacity, using state-of-the-art 100 Gigabit per second (Gb/s) technology. This capacity will help to meet the exponentially growing demand for bandwidth between the U.S. and Asia, while enabling onward connectivity to existing and planned submarine cable systems.
SEA-US consortium members include Globe Telecom (Manila, Philippines), GTA (Tamuning, Guam), GTI (Los Angeles, California), RTI (San Francisco, California), Telin (Jakarta, Indonesia), and Telkom USA (Los Angeles, California).
Chinese telecoms giant ZTE Corporation, together with Indonesian service provider Smartfren Telecom Tbk, successfully completed the Pre5G Massive MIMO service test. This is Southeast Asia's first field commercial trial of Pre5G technology that could support technology evolution from 4G to 5G, demonstrating Smartfren’s continuous leadership in 4G technologies to the benefit of its customers.
At a press conference, Smartfren demonstrated the real live effect of using the Pre5G Massive MIMO to cover Teras Kota shopping mall in Jakarta. With the Pre5G Massive MIMO deployed outside the mall, the user rate inside the mall has been greatly improved from a few mbps to more than 30 mbps per user, ZTE stated.
Compared with a traditional macro base station, the Pre5G Massive MIMO provides a single-cell user rate of 4-6 times faster. In an area with weak coverage, the Pre5G Massive MIMO uses the three-dimensional beamforming technology to improve the single-user throughput by 6-10 times, greatly enhancing the cell-edge user experience.
“Smartfren is continuously leading in 4G in Indonesia, being the first operator to introduce 4G LTE Advanced service and VoLTE in 2015, and offering the widest 4G coverage across Indonesia to more than 200 cities,” said Christian Daigneault, CTO of Smartfren.
“With the commercial demonstration of Massive MIMO with our partner ZTE, we prepare the way to 5G and ensure that we are using the latest technology for the benefit of our customers. We intend to use Massive MIMO Base Stations to improve significantly customer experience inside high buildings and shopping malls, as well as to augment capacity in areas of extremely high wireless users. Smartfren can be first to use Massive MIMO in Indonesia since this technology is ideal with our TDD frequency band at 2300MHz.”
ZTE’s Massive MIMO and Multi-Antenna Space Division Multiple Access (SDMA) improves the efficiency of wireless spectrum and extends the coverage and capacity of the network which in turn provides better service stability. If we use the analogy of highway lanes as an example, without Massive MIMO, it is comparable to a two-lane highway and with the presence Massive MIMO, the number of lanes become 8, said ZTE.
Since 2015, ZTE has launched several commercial Pre5G Massive MIMO pilot projects in multiple markets and so far has already cooperated with more than 20 global carriers to deploy its Pre5G solution.
Indonesia has seen a flood of fake news spread across social media lately. The Southeast Asian nation officially announced on January 5 its intention to set up an agency that will combat the spread of fake news. One of the fake news stories recently spread through Indonesia, was a claim that China was waging biological warfare against the nation using contaminated chili seeds. Indonesia’s new cyber agency will seek to protect state institutions from hackers as well, according to presidential spokesman, Johan Budi.
The move to create the new agency in Indonesia was necessary, said Chief Security Minister Wiranto, in order to combat the flood of fake news on social media that was “slanderous, fake, misleading” and spreading “hate”. He said, “Freedom [of speech] is a right in democracy but there is also an obligation to obey the law.”
The new agency’s task will be to monitor news circulating online, particularly on social media, according to officials. The security ministry will oversee the operation, working alongside other government agencies.
The move to create the new agency came after Indonesia’s President Joko Widodo declared in a cabinet meeting in December 2016 his intention to combat the spread of fake news at a time when many Indonesians are getting online for the first time. There are reportedly over 130 million out of 255 million inhabitants now estimated to be online in Indonesia.
The most high-profile fake news story spread in Indonesia to date was a false claim that China was seeking to wage biological warfare against Indonesia, after a story was spread in December stating that four Chinese citizens were arrested for using imported chili seeds infected with bacteria on a farm south of Jakarta.
The fake news story forced the Chinese embassy in Jakarta to issue a statement insisting that the reports were “misleading and have caused great concerns”. Another fake news story involving China said that millions of Chinese workers had entered Indonesia to replace local ones. It comes as anti-Chinese sentiment is running high with Jakarta's ethnic Chinese governor standing trial for alleged blasphemy.
Indonesian internet expert Nukman Luthfie hopes that the new Indonesian agency will not breach people's privacy, but said it was too early to tell. "It would be really unfortunate if it was going to be used to monitor public discussions because that's people's right," he said.
AFP reports that Apple is battling to gain a foothold in Indonesia’s booming smartphone market where local content regulations are hampering its efforts to compete against Samsung and other rivals.
The iPhone 6S and 7 are yet to be released in Indonesia as Apple struggles to fulfill requirements that phone makers must have 20 percent ‘local content’ for 4G handsets sold in the country.
South Korea's Samsung has been able to meet the rules and gain a share of the market in Indonesia — a country of 255 million people, with an army of young consumers — because it already had factories in the country, and has added assembly lines to the plants to carry out the final stages of production.
Officials say the regulations that came into force this year are aimed at supporting the growth of the local manufacturing industry, which lags behind its Asian peers. They plan to raise the local content requirement to 30 percent at the start of next year.
However critics says the move is just the latest example of misguided nationalistic rules that hamper rather than help business in Indonesia, which is ranked 109th on the World Bank's ease of doing business index.
IDC analyst, Sudev Bangah, told AFP that the new rules "force companies to rethink the entire supply chain and that is expensive for them to do."
Other competitors, including Asus, Lenovo, Oppo and Blackberry —which used to dominate in Indonesia but has seen its market share obliterated — have also taken steps to fulfill the government's demands. However officials admit that so far the rules are not boosting Indonesia's phone manufacturing industry as they had hoped.
Firms have met the demands by getting local vendors to supply simple parts, such as boxes, manuals and chargers, and hi-tech components are still being imported.
Even before the new rules came into effect, things were not easy for Apple in Indonesia. The iPhone 6 made it into the local market in early 2015, but it was the last country in the world to get the product because Apple had a tough time getting import licenses, according to a source close to the matter.
Apple has encountered problems in other emerging markets, notably India where it faces roadblocks in its quest to open stores instead of selling products through third-party retailers.
The Indian government in May reportedly refused to exempt Apple from rules requiring foreign single-brand retailers to buy at least 30 percent of their parts locally if they want to open their own outlets.
Jakarta Smart City (JSC) is the most integrated public reporting and information platform in Jakarta, Indonesia’s sprawling capital city with a population exceeding 9 million. JSC was initiated in December 2014, developed to create one platform that provides public information about the city – in an age where data sharing is the key to prosperity. The initiative contributed to the motion of smart cities with the use of technology and communications to achieve better public services. It aims to enhance public participation, and enable the government to utilize data, provide feedback and criticism easily. Heading JSC’s IT Development is Prasetyo A. Wicaksono, a computer software specialist, who shares the initiative’s vision for a more efficient, resilient and connected Jakarta.
Prasetyo’s vision is for Jakarta to provide better public services for citizens, and be a more enjoyable city to live in. He has lead Jakarta Smart City’s IT Development since January this year, previously working as a researcher making analysis about how to implement IT governance in university. Before that, he analyzed current e-learning management systems and tried to adapt them to Indonesian students’ culture so that the systems can be suitable to students in Indonesia. To make his smart city vision come true, Prasetyo believes IT is the primary enabler and catalyst.
“As for now, we are currently implementing an IT-based city platform to be the hub of citizen feedback from channels such as social media, apps, email, etc,” Prasetyo explained. “From citizen’s feedback, we can get better information on how to improve the quality of our services on the ground, and process it as insights for related agencies to improve their quality.”
The influence behind Jakarta Smart City can be traced back to 2011, when Indonesia started its Open Government journey, when along with seven other countries, it initiated Open Government Partnership. Following the global declaration, the country launched Open Government Indonesia (OGI) in January 2012 with the aim to introduce open government reforms, including open data. This move, according to the report ‘Lessons from Jakarta Smart City’, is when Jakarta set its open smart city vision on course. The initiative was supported by Law No. 14/2008 on Freedom of Information.
In the Southeast Asia region, Indonesia could be considered a “pioneer in implementing the open data initiative at a national as well as sub-national level,” the report reads. Jakarta became one of the first cities to have its own bylaw on data and system management, requiring the city administration and agencies to open its public data, which led to the birth of various open data initiatives across the city. Jakarta Smart City is one of these initiatives, connecting sub-districts officials with the citizen, and promoting openness of the government through public service delivery.
Prasetyo has spent time researching and analyzing how to implement IT governance in university, and through this experience, he’s been able to apply his expertise to Jakarta Smart City. He says governance is “not a new field, but in the IT field, governance is an issue. Government in general is working in silo. Thus when IT comes into the system, bureaucracy and this working silo will get in the way,” he explained. “From university we learn the ideal case of implementing good governance from the view of the system, but right now I am implementing it considering the view of existing bureaucracy and how IT governance can be suitable with the existing condition.”
With a booming population of over 9 million, one of Jakarta’s most pressing issues is said to be its heavy traffic, as well as lack of housing for citizens. Prasetyo said he sees that traffic congestion is not only about the amount of vehicles or the length or width of the roads, but understanding how people commute in Jakarta, and working towards improving the congestion through smart solutions.
Previously there were no comprehensive studies about this issue, but right now Jakarta Smart City is collaborating with several parties including Waze, a local telco provider, Transjakarta and also the police department, to source traffic data. The JSC team then analyzes the data and obtains insights on how people commute in the city. Next year JSC will be implementing Jakarta One card, a one single payment card, which will gather anonymous transaction data to get a more comprehensive and detailed behavior of citizens, to then deliver better and more accommodating policies.
“Public housing is also one of our main focuses right now,” said Prasetyo. “Though the program is not led by us, we are supporting the program by providing data the agencies needs. Next year’s Jakarta One card will also be used by the people living in public housing, and we will provide insight to the public housing agency on how they live there so that they can also evaluate and improve the quality of public housing in Jakarta.”
As a vast nation spread over thousands of islands, Indonesia also faces the issue that majority of its premium connectivity is concentrated in Jakarta. In order to tackle this inequality of connectivity, Indonesia’s President, Joko Widodo has “focused on improving the connectivity within the country, especially on remote islands,” said Prasetyo.
The government is currently building connectivity infrastructure including building more roads (toll roads, bridges, inter-city roads), sea-toll (more vessels, improving seaports and container handling), and IT infrastructure (palapa ring backbone, more internet connection on remote areas, more GSM coverage).
The government also reportedly plans to commit more than US$24 billion in smart city infrastructure projects and push fiber and 4G nationwide. This is music to Prasetyo’s ears. “More connectivity, less discrepancy in the country,” he says. “The benefits are endless!”
“People don’t need to go to the city center just to get internet connection,” he explained. Schools in remote areas will be connected, with more access to educational resources. Farmers and fishermen can cut the unnecessary supply chain and can contact directly to the buyers if they are also connected. “This infrastructure project will give more productivity to the citizens and generate significant economic growth as the infrastructure will open new opportunities for people to grow.”