Displaying items by tag: China Telecom
The Hong Kong-Americas (HKA) consortium and Alcatel Submarine Networks (ASN) have signed a turnkey contract for the deployment of the Hong Kong-Americas (HKA) submarine cable network, which will span more than 13,000 kilometers.
This new open cable system will increase connectivity between Hong Kong and the US and will reinforce Hong Kong’s role as a key communications hub in the Asia-Pacific region. The HKA consortium includes China Telecom, China Unicom, Facebook, Tata Communications, and Telstra as the major parties.
The HKA system will feature six fiber pairs and will connect Chung Hom Kok in Hong Kong to Hermosa Beach in California; additional connectivity options may be exercised in future. Its open design will deliver significant cost benefits as well as enhanced bandwidth availability for telecommunications services and content-based services between Asia and North America. Target completion date for the HKA System is in the year 2020.
Chung Hom Kok Cable Landing Station is located at Chung Hom Kok in the central island of Hong Kong and is the southernmost cable landing station in Hong Kong. Three cables of the C2C Network land at the Chung Hom Kok Cable Landing Station. In addition, the Southeast Asia Japan cable system lands at this station. The station is owned by Pacnet (Telstra) with Pacnet and China telecom Global providing backhaul.
Leveraging its state-of-the-art subsea technology, the ASN solution will deliver greater diversity of connections, enhanced reliability and network efficiency, as well as enabling optimal connectivity between major data centers in Asia and the USA.
The solution includes ASN's submarine WSS ROADM units, the latest generation of repeaters and will offer high performance and powering resilience, enabling over 80Tb/s transmission capacity. In addition, it is also compatible with future generations of submarine line terminal equipped with Probabilistic Shaping technology.
Philippe Piron, President of Alcatel Submarine Netwoks, said: "We are proud to work with the HKA consortium on this project, which incorporates several innovations from ASN and will be based on the latest high-performance submarine line design. The trust placed upon us by the HKA consortium validates our position as a key player for submarine network infrastructures in the Asia-Pacific region and the reinforcement of our local presence.”
Piron added: “It also provides a strong platform to further demonstrate our commitment in project management and in the development of local relationships to support operators and content providers for their network and capacity expansion strategies."
Telstra said it would invest in a half fiber pair on the Hong Kong Americas (HKA) cable. Telstra said it would also purchase capacity equivalent to 6 terabits per second on the Pacific Light Cable Network (PLCN), which like HKA will stretch from Hong Kong to the west coast of the US. Google and Facebook are also backing the PLCN.
The PLCN will have a total capacity of around 120 terabits per second and include 12,800 kilometers of fiber. The cables will offer lower latency than the Asia-America Gateway (AAG), which connects South-East Asia to the west coast of the US via Guam and Hawaii.
“Together with the current AAG cable on which Telstra carries the most traffic today, these two investments will provide us with increased capacity across the important Hong Kong to US route, one of the fastest growing routes in the world for capacity demand,” Telstra’s group managing director of global services and international, David Burns, said in a statement.
China Telecom Guangzhou Research Institute and Huawei said results of the world's first 400GE test indicate next-generation large-capacity port technology 400GE possesses the qualities required for commercial deployment.
With the rapid development of HD video, cloud computing, and other services, backbone network traffic has experienced average annual growth of over 45 percent, according to Huawei, creating challenges for backbone network bandwidth. As the next-generation port technology, 400GE can significantly increase backbone network bandwidth to help carriers cope with the explosive growth of data traffic.
Currently, international standards organizations are accelerating development work on 400GE standards, which are expected to be released by year-end 2017. In 2016, China Telecom Guangzhou Research Institute and Huawei established a 400GE joint innovation R&D team to develop live-network service requirements, application scenarios, standards formulation, and technology R&D, driving the standardization and commercial use of medium-and-long distance 400GE port technology.
Test results verified 400GE port functions such as line-speed forwarding, multi-service stacking, and fault reporting. The test was performed in China Telecom's network and terminal key laboratory using test cases based on actual network applications. The expert team at the Guangzhou Research Institute was responsible for sorting out network requirements, test-case design, and the process of the all-round test.
Huawei backbone routers were used in the test, and 400GE port networking was used between devices and the tester. Under real-world network traffic conditions, at full bandwidth, 400GE ports experienced zero packet loss in line-speed forwarding. Multi-service stack tests showed that protocol-based forwarding was normal; bundled 400GE and 100GE ports could implement precise load balancing; the transmission distance was as far as 10 km; and loopback and fault reporting functions were normal.
"High-speed traffic growth has contributed to the rapid development of high-speed port technology," said Zhu Yongqing, IP technology research owner at China Telecom Guangzhou’s Research Institute. "In the final release of the 400GE technology standard, China Telecom Guangzhou Research Institute and Huawei performed the world’s first 400GE port tests based on requirements of the live network, realizing a combination of network requirements and technical R&D.
Yongqing added, “The test results reached expectations. In the future, we will cooperate with Huawei and other partners to promote development of the 400GE industry and maturation of the supply chain, ultimately driving the development of China Telecom’s network and the national broadband infrastructure."
"This joint venture with China Telecom Guangzhou Research Institute has officially opened up the possibility of commercial use for 400GE single ports," said Chen Jinzhu, General Manager of Huawei’s Backbone Router Domain. "Moving forward, we will focus on customer requirements and spare no effort in core technologies. Our innovative solutions can assist carriers in seizing development opportunities as we enter the cloud era."
At the third New-Generation Internet Infrastructure Forum in Beijing, China Telecom Beijing Research Institute, China Electric Power Research Institute, and Huawei said they would cooperate on the joint basic foresight innovation project about 5G power slicing technology.
Zhang Chengliang, Vice Director of China Telecom's Beijing Research Institute, presided over the opening ceremony. Zhu Xuetian, Director of Network Technology & Planning Dept. of China Telecom Beijing Research Institute, Ding Huixia, Director of Communications Test and Simulation Center of China Electric Power Research Institute, and Qiu Xuefeng, VP of Packet Core Network, Huawei Cloud Core Network Product Line jointly announced the formal launch of the joint innovation project.
5G is a new-generation wireless communications technology that introduces thing-to-thing and human-to-thing communications to the traditional human-human communications scenarios. Based on the all-cloud 5G core network, a 5G network can use the same infrastructure to provide differentiated network slices for diverse application scenarios.
For example, a slice of ultra-low latency can better meet application requirements, such as automatic power distribution, in the power industry. A 5G network slice can achieve security and isolation at the same level as those provided by a private power grid, but requires much lower cost and better promotes application innovation of the smart grid.
"5G slicing provides differentiated capabilities for diverse requirements of innovative industry applications," said Zhu Xuetian, Director of Network Technology & Planning Dept. of China Telecom Beijing Research Institute. "The three-party collaboration project is the first exploration of 5G slicing in power industry applications. 5G slicing is applied to vertical industries, such as the electric power industry, and this will incubate more new applications and business models."
"The core network is critical to implement 5G slicing features, such as on-demand network definition, fast deployment, automatic operation, end-to-end SLA assurance, and capability exposure," said Qiu Xuefeng, VP of Packet Core Network, Huawei Cloud Core Network Product Line.
"Huawei Cloud Core Network started early to invest in R&D of 5G network architecture evolution and slicing technology and has many leading achievements," Xuefeng added. "This project will enable end-to-end technical verification of 5G slicing in smart grid industry applications and accelerate development of sophisticated technologies and solutions."
Xia Xu, 5G Smart Slicing Project Manager of Network Technology & Planning Dept. of China Telecom Beijing Research Institute, said, "China Telecom, China's State Grid, and Huawei are leading enterprises in the ICT and power industries and are listed in the Fortune 500. The three parties in this project will fully use our technology, industry, and market advantages in R&D and test in various scenarios, such as automatic power distribution and electricity consumption information collection."
Xu added, "We will push development of sophisticated technologies, standards, and products, verify cross-industry applications of the ICT and power industries, and promote a collaborative and win-win industry ecosystem."
5G slicing has huge potential to assist in development of various industries. Network slices, such as the smart grid, Internet of Vehicle (IoV), and AR/VR, will redefine carriers' business models and greatly improve their competitiveness. We are now facing a 5G-enabled smart future world.
Three of China’s state-run mobile operators have posted positive financial results for the first-half of 2017, after enduring a difficult 2016. China Telecom, China Unicom and China Mobile all made solid gains on their bottom line, largely due to the continued rapid demand for data and 4G uptake.
All three entities suffered a decline in earnings during 2016 - but in the first-half of this year they’ve made a combined profit of CYN 77.6 billion ($11.6 billion) compared with a combined profit of CYN127.6 billion for all of 2016.
Analysts have attributed the success of the state-owned mobile operators to significant 4G subscriber gains from January-June. The trio took its LTE user base to 885 million. In addition to this, it was further disclosed that both China Telecom and China Mobile are increasingly close to reaching the 70% 4G penetration mark, with China Unicom lagging behind by a reported 14%.
China Mobile remains the market incumbent with a 64% share of total subscribers, 67% of which are 4G users. The Chinese operators ended June with 3.47 million 4G base stations, the breakdown of which consisted of China Mobile (1.65M) China Telecom (1.05M) and China Unicom (770,000). It was also disclosed that China Mobile has announced its intentions to construct an additional 120,000 4G sites in the second-half of next year, whilst China Telecom has said it will deploy another 110,000 by the end of this year.
Mobile voice revenue continues to decline sharply due to the dominance of OTT’s, but all three operators still managed to grow mobile service revenue by 5%. It’s the universal demand for data which has contributed to the operator’s success so far this year. China Telecom has enjoyed a healthy increase of 24% in mobile data, accumulating CYN55.3 billion in the process. China Mobile reported a 34% increase in mobile data accumulating CYN185 billion, whilst China Unicom’s data growth increased by 21%, accumulating CYN43.5 billion.
The state-run operators have signed up 23.7 million 4G subscribers in July, which takes the country’s total to 908M. However, China Mobile has announced its plans to end 2017 by amassing 630M 4G subs, which analysts suggest is a target they should easily surpass. At this extraordinary pace, China will likely end the year with well over 1 billion 4G customers, which would also subsequently mean that China would have 40% of the 2.45 billion global LTE connections by the end of the year.
China Telecom’s branch in Ningbo City, Zhejiang province, announced that Huawei will build the Mobile Edge Computing (MEC) network for the Ningbo Zhenhai smart refinery. Zhenhai Refining and Chemical Co., Ltd. is a large holding subsidiary and key enterprise directly under China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation. The smart factory project is a major step in the enterprise information development.
Based on sophisticated technologies and successful practice in the MEC field, Huawei will provide a MEC@CloudEdge solution and build an open and flexible intelligent private network featuring optimal user experience and high reliability for the Zhenhai Refinery on the basis of existing Huawei 4G wireless networks. This proves that Huawei’s MEC@CloudEdge solution has the scale for commercial delivery.
China Telecom fully uses wireless resources on live networks and applies the MEC@CloudEdge solution to perform local management and local operation of services, including local traffic break out (LBO), local traffic charging and control. This implementation meets real-time and high-bandwidth service requirements for video surveillance, mobile office, and on-site data collection and transmission.
After the project construction is completed, a registered user of the enterprise private network can access various networks based on customized requirements. The MEC network enables access to both the enterprise private network and public network services, as well as network isolation within the enterprise park.
Zeng Weimin, General Manager of China Telecom, Ningbo branch, said, "Huawei’s MEC@CloudEdge solution can use existing wireless network resources in the Zhenhai Refinery project to improve the processing capabilities of low-latency and high-bandwidth services, and to meet the requirements of local operation and management. We will work with Huawei to build an MEC network that sets new benchmarks."
Dai Jisheng, Vice President of Huawei Packet Core Network Product Line, added, "Smart factory is a major MEC application scenario. Service containers are built at the network edge to meet local service requirements and enhance network capabilities. MEC is one of the 5G network enabling technologies. Huawei hopes to work with industry partners to promote MEC industry development."
Huawei’s MEC@CloudEdge solution uses Cloud Native architecture and features agile service rollout, high resource utilization, robust and reliable systems, and elastic scaling. These advantages enable LBO for various policies and operation and management capabilities for local traffic.
Meanwhile, MEC@CloudEdge is a service container constructed at the network edge. This solution flexibly integrates third-party applications and exposes pipeline capabilities to help carriers expand their business.
Huawei has been working closely with China Telecom, China Mobile, and Vodafone to discover new innovative MEC functions. For example, an MEC-based smart stadium pilot project has been established in the Beijing South Railway Station for China Mobile, Beijing branch.
Huawei has also taken an active part in making MEC technical standards and establishing industry alliances and was awarded ‘Best Edge Computing Technology’ at the MEC Congress held in Munich, Germany in September, 2016.
In the future, Huawei will work with industry partners to promote MEC industry development, bring more industry implementation and service innovation into realization.
Chinese mobile and fixed-line operator China Telecom posted positive interim results for 2017, with net profit increasing 7.4 percent to 12.54 billion yuan ($1.88 billion), compared with a net profit of 11.67 billion the previous year. But the company said it won’t pay an interim dividend this year to allow for funding flexibility.
“Taking into consideration the Company’s profitability, cash flow level and the capital requirements for future development, the Board of Directors has decided not to pay an interim dividend this year in order to maintain adequate funding flexibility,” China Telecom said in a statement.
“The Board of Directors will proactively consider the expectation of shareholders’ return and evaluate the final dividend proposal when reviewing the full year results and will propose to the shareholders’ general meeting accordingly,” the statement added.
The company’s broadband revenue was the top revenue growth driver, increasing 35 percent over the same period last year. Total revenues from the ecosphere of Smart Family, new ICT applications, Internet of Things (IoT), and Internet Finance increased by 23 percent over the same period last year. “New revenue growth engines are being rapidly shaped and formed,” the statement said.
China Telecom’s net increase of mobile subscribers was 14.85 million, reaching a total of 230 million and marketshare increased to 16.8 percent. The net increase of 4G users was 30.15 million, reaching a total of 152 million. Marketshare increased to 17.2 percent while the penetration rate of 4G users increased to 66 percent.
The company’s broadband traffic increased by 126 percent compared to the same period last year while the amount of 4G data being used reached 1.4GB, representing an increase of 56 percent over the same period last year. The net increase of wireline broadband subscribers was 4.98 million, reaching a total of 128 million. In addition, FTTH subscribers increased by 11.24 million, reaching a total of 117 million while the penetration rate reached 92 percent.
China Telecom has “endeavored” to construct three superior networks, it said, namely 4G network, IoT network and all-fiber network with further reinforcement of network edges.
The company’s Chairman Yang pointed out that currently, with the steady improvement of the national economy, the information and telecommunications industry has become the industry with the highest growth potential among the key and fundamental industries of the national economy.
“Technologies penetration promotes industry upgrades. The vast potentials of new emerging businesses such as IoT, cloud computing and Big Data opens up vast market potentials for the Company,” said the statement. “Meanwhile, increasingly intensified industry competition and value chain competition has evolved to competition of the entire ecosphere. Establishment of robust competitive strengths of the ecosphere is the crucial key to success.”
Chinese state-owned telecom company China Unicom, formally known as China United Network Communications Group, is to receive about $12 billion investment from Chinese tech firms Baidu and JD.com in a move to boost the telco lagging behind its rivals China Mobile and China Telecom, a source told Business Insider.
The Chinese government is reportedly attempting to drive investment in state-owned giants through private capital. The government selected China Unicom among other state-owned enterprises last year, the report says, to see “mixed-ownership reform”.
From an outside perspective, China Unicom appears strong, as one of the world’s largest carriers by user numbers, but the company’s earnings don’t measure up to its fierce competition. The carrier, according to the report, is perceived as slow, often lagging behind its competition in terms of developing new technologies and services, including cloud and big data services, and mobile software.
Chinese tech giants Alibaba and Tencent would be among new investors contributing a total of about $10 billion into China United Network Communications, China Unicom’s Shanghai-listed unit, Reuters reported last month. With Baidu’s 10 billion yuan investment ($1.48 billion) and JD.com’s 5 billion yuan, the total investment in China Unicom is about 80 billion yuan ($11.8 billion).
The source told Business Insider that 15 billion yuan is likely to be raised from Tencent and invested into China Unicom, while Alibaba is likely to raise about 7 billion yuan. The biggest investor, however, would be China Life Investment, which would commit about 20 billion yuan.
The unnamed sources claim majority of the capital would be raised through new shares, while China Unicom would sell off its stake in the Shanghai unit. Thomson Reuters data suggests that it would be the most significant capital raising in Asia Pacific since insurer AIA Group’s initial public offering in 2010.
Huawei exclusively won the bid for China Telecom's Reconfigurable Optical Add/Drop Multiplexer (ROADM) Network Project in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. This is the first intelligent ROADM WDM backbone network to be built in China, marking the beginning of China Telecom's optical transport network evolving towards the intelligent optical networking era. This is also a major step forward for the "CTNET2025" network transformation strategy of China Telecom.
The middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River is the fastest developing region in China, including its developments in the internet industry. With the emergence of cloud computing and big data and the ubiquity of new services for smart devices, smart homes, and IoT, the requirements for data storage and analysis is increasing at an exponential rate.
Building a ROADM network in this region will significantly improve the security of China Telecom's optical transport network and its network intelligence, and intelligent operation capabilities, providing better broadband user experience for internet enterprises, e-commerce, and government/enterprise customers.
This project covers 21 ROADM sites in Hubei, Jiangxi, Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Shanghai along the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. The industry leading CD-ROADM technology of Huawei facilitates the provisioning of advantageous routes to upper-layer service networks, such as routes with one-hop transmission, full mesh interconnection, optimal path and latency, and rapid dynamic recovery.
The project can satisfy the low latency and high performance requirements for DC private lines and VIP financial customers. The current phase of the project can provide more than three hundred 100G electrical lines and 100% network recovery capability. The technologies and capacities involved in this project are among the best in the world.
Wei Leping, Deputy Director, Science & Technology Committee, Ministry of Industry & Information Technology and Director, Science & Technology Committee, China Telecom, points out that the all-optical network is the long-term goal of China Telecom.
However, the evolution of the all-optical network cannot be achieved in one day, and there is still a long way to go. When and only when 100% transport, switch, and access are realized in the optical domain, and ROADM and OXC are introduced to the switching layer can a network be called strictly all-optical.
In the all cloud era, to satisfy the requirements of larger bandwidth and lower latency, Huawei will help operators to build the future-facing CloudOptiX transport network and realize the simplified one-hop transmission network architecture, and closely work with operators, enterprise customers, and upstream and downstream industrial partners to advance the development of optical networks.
The digital transformation brings important opportunities. Network construction is transforming from being technology-driven to being business value-driven, and technological development is gradually shifting back to being business focused. Huawei's all cloud network solution is centered on the realization of business value. By building agile, smart, highly efficient, and open all cloud networks, Huawei helps customers achieve business success.
Huawei and China Telecom will be leading a new industry working group aiming to explore the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in the deployment and optimization of telecommunications networks.
The Industry Specification Group on Experiential Networked Intelligence (ISG ENI), part of the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), held its first meeting in early April, electing a new chair and vice chair.
China Telecom’s Haining Wang will serve as the group’s vice chair and Huawei UK’s Raymond Forbes is the selected chairman. Other industry leading firms such as Samsung, the China Academy of Telecommunications Research of MIIT, Verizon UK and Samsung R&D Institute UK will be represented in the group.
The purpose of the group, according to chairman Forbes, is to “improve operators’ experience regarding network deployment and operation, by using AI techniques.”
Software defined networks (SDN), network function virtualization (NFV) and slicing technologies are helping networks become more flexible, according to Mr. Wang. The complexity of managing networks is not being reduced, he says, but being transferred from hardware to software. Experimental Networked Intelligence aids in this complexity.
The group will work with other leading standards groups such as ETSI NFV, ETSI MEC, ETSI NGP, IETF, MEF, 3GPP and BBF on the development of the industry specification.
China’s largest mobile carrier, China Mobile, announced that its 4G subscriber base reached almost 510 million in November 2016. This reportedly represents a staggering 30% of the total number of 4G subscribers around the world. However, China Mobile added just over 12.5 million TD-LTE subscribers in November, compared with a net increase of 16.6 million 4G users in October, which represents slow growth for the company.
China Mobile’s growth still far outweighs its competitors, including China Unicom, which added 5 million 4G customers in November, taking its 4G LTE subscriber base to 99 million. China Mobile’s other rival, China Telecom, added 4.3 million 4G subscribers in November, bringing its total 4G user base to 117.3 million. The three mobile operators combined represent over 720 million new 4G subscribers in November.
China Mobile is currently involved with an IoT (Internet of Things) development project with Vodafone, Ericsson and Lenovo. The group recently signed a letter of intent. According to reports, China Mobile plans to connect its IoT connection management platform with Ericsson’s DCP platform and Vodafone’s IoT platform, which will provide its enterprise customers with a unified global network access, portal experience and Service Level Agreements (SLAs).
Through this, China Mobile wants to push forward its overseas market expansion and improve the company’s service capabilities. What’s more, China Mobile’s partnership with Lenovo will kick-start its plans to launch a range of notebooks with built-in 4G-LTE modules which will provide users with China Mobile’s high-speed 4G mobile internet services.